Databases and Data Collections
Central Literature Database
DNL - online (in German) is the BfN’s nature conservation and landscape management literature database. It currently houses over 150.000 references (largely from publications issued from 1980 onwards).
The database comprises data taken from the BfN library and documentation unit and includes all types of publications. Some 65 percent of the publications listed are articles published in journals and compilations. Around 900 periodicals were analysed for suitable input; grey literature and online sources are also included.
DNL-online is updated on a regular basis.
Habitat Mare Natura 2000
Habitat Mare Natura 2000 (in German) reports on the status and reasoning behind designation of special conservation areas (under the Habitats Directive) and protection areas (under the Birds Directive) in Germany’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEA, 12-200 sea miles).
The Federal Environment Ministry (BMU) and the Federal Nature Conservation Agency (BfN) have been responsible for selecting and designating Natura 2000 sites in Germany’s EEZ since 2002.
Nature and Sport Portal
The NaturSportInfo portal (in German) focuses on the impact of sport and recreation on flora and fauna, providing a wide range of background information and standardised abstracts taken from the literature. It also contains links, definitions and conflict resolution models.
The portal allows faster access to data and facts, assists identification of potential conflict situations and aids evaluation. It also provides for more informed dialogue, improved knowledge and aids detection of knowledge gaps.
WISIA-Online Species Protection Database
The large number of national and international treaties and regulations that apply in species protection work make it difficult to maintain an overview.
The WISIA-online is an online species protection database which gives users fast and easy access to information on the animals and plants protected under law applicable to Germany. It also provides information on flora and fauna that enjoy priority protection. Data is provided either in tables or in the form of individual datasheets.
ZEET-online provides information on all case-specific decisions concerning trade in wild animals from specific countries of origin which are applicable in the EU and must be considered in approval processes as prescribed in Regulation (EC) 338/97.
ZEET publishes a full alphabetical listing of the animal species contained in Annexes A and B of Regulation (EC) 338/97, whose import into the EU is subject to case-specific decisions made jointly by all member states.
Biodiversity: Germany’s Fauna
Artenvielfalt - Fauna in Deutschland (Biodiversity: Germany’s Fauna – PDF File in German, 1.2 MB) (1,2 MB) is a quantitative survey of all animal species in Germany. It documents the current status (March 2004) of animal species and their numbers in Germany. All known protozoa and metazoa, including marine species, have been systematically listed with their respective numbers.
Protozoa,PDF File in German (1 MB)
Invertebrata 1, PDF File in German (2,3 MB)
Invertebrata 2, PDF File in German (1,3 MB)
Chelicerata, PDF File in German (2,6 MB)
Antennata, PDF File in German (3,7 MB)
Vertebrata, PDF File in German (1,3 MB)
FloraWeb (in German) is a web-based portal which focuses on plant species, plant communities and vegetation. Set up and managed by the Federal Nature Conservation Agency (BfN), FloraWeb links scientifically proven facts in specialist databases with specialist background information designed to inform anyone interested in nature conservation. FloraWeb aims to provide comprehensive information on botanic species conservation to a broad range of users:
- Nature conservation practitioners in government and non-government organisations
- Research and education
- Mapping and surveillance
- Reporting and public relations work.
NeoBiota: Invasive Non-Indigenous plants in Germany
The NeoBiota website (in German) gives general information on non-indigenous plant species (neophyte plants) along with a guide containing datasheets on 32 problematic (invasive) plants. The service is rounded off with species-specific discussion forums, useful links, opportunities to download or print information and a template for use in creating new datasheets.
Washington Convention: Annual Statistics
VIA-online (in German) provides extracts from the database on the import and export of species protected under the Washington Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and/or under appropriate EU regulations and directives. Users can access data from 1996 onwards. Data for a given year are added in August of the following year.
Germany’s Environmental Information Portal
PortalU - Germany’s Environmental Information Portal provides easily accessible information which, among other things, draws from nature conservation resources provided by government agencies.
At present, users can access over a million web pages and database entries containing information from more than 100 government agencies at national and Länder level. This includes information that may not be retrieved by other search engines, making the ‘hidden web’ accessible to anyone interested in nature conservation and environment protection. A high-performance search engine and structured access make for easy and effective research. Environment-related press releases published by relevant government and non-governmental organisations can be accessed on the day they are published. An environmental almanac, direct links to websites containing environmental measuring standards, information on upcoming events and a variety of publications complete the range of services.
Germany’s Biodiversity Clearing House Mechanism
The Biodiversity Clearing House Mechanism is the central information, communication and cooperation platform set up under the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The parties to the Convention aim to establish a network of national CHMs to promote research and technical cooperation between countries everywhere, foster exchange and improve access to information and data on CBD implementation.
Germany’s CHM portal (with German and English-language sections) provides documentation and information on upcoming events, issues covered by the CBD, current activities and much more.
Federal Information System on Genetic Resources
The Federal Information System of Genetic Resources (known as BIG) provides information on wild and cultivated plants in Germany, and draws on data from a range of decentralised databases. Users can launch searches for biological, genetic, ecological, economic and geographic data on plant genetic resources.
BIG is a cooperative project comprising four organisations: the Ruhr University Bochum/Botanical Gardens, the Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), the Federal Agency for Agriculture and Food, and the Federal Nature Conservation Agency.