Climate Change and Biodiversity
Treaties and strategies
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has been launched 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro. It is an international and multilateral climate treaty. Within the scope of this treaty, 195 contracting states have committed themselves to mitigate the anthropogenic effects on the climate system, slow down global warming and moderate climate impacts.
Germany implements its obligations amongst others through the German Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change. For its practical implementation and further specification an Action Plan on Adaptation has been drawn up.
Biodiversity conservation - climate protection
Biodiversity and climate are closely related and impact each other. The current and future climate change represents one of the biggest threats for the diversity of life on earth. At the same time it is presumed to be one of the biggest challenges of conservation in the coming years.
To an increasing degree climate change not only threatens biodiversity but also the human society and their natural resources. Through the protection, restoration and sustainable use of ecosystems, effective conservation can contribute to mitigate climate change and protect the population against the impacts of extreme events and natural disasters. These so-called ecosystem-based approaches use ecosystem services such as the carbon sequestration capacity of ecosystems. They are aimed at synergies between conservation, mitigation and adaptation and often turn out to be more cost-efficient than technical solutions.
Conference proceedings online!
Climate Change and Nature Conservation in Europe - an ecological, policy and economic perspective
25 - 27 June 2013 in Bonn
The three-day conference was organized by the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) with the support of the Freie Universität Berlin and in co-operation with the European Network of Heads of Nature Conservation Agencies (ENCA).
At this European conference experts from science, policy and practice highlighted and debated the importance of adapting to climate change in conservation from an ecological, policy and economic perspective, and showcased successful conservation partnerships across Europe. Following up on the discussions of the previous BfN/ENCA conference on biodiversity and climate change, held in Bonn in 2011, the conference in 2013 went a step further and explored how adaptation can be put into practice.